# Factors affecting electrical resistance

What are the four factors that affect the resistance of a wire. The resistance of a wire is directly proportional to its length. There are so few free electrons that hardly any current can flow. For normal resistivity surveys carried out at the surface, there is no way to tell the difference between resistivity measured vertically and resistivity measured horizontally.

Archie's formula or "law" is expressed a several ways. In fact, measured resistivity is highest along strike because of the increased current density parallel to the survey. This is true of all pure metals and most alloys.

As far as running wire underground, although it is done in major metropolitan areas such as New York, it is not cost effective. Any change in series impedance affects the Qes of the driver, and consequently Qts, which of course is one of the factors used to calculate the optimum enclosure size.

A fuse, switch, or insulation resistance of the cable by its total length in instrument is considered a break in the circuit and feet. The shape of the conductor — Skin effect is more in the solid conductor and less in the stranded conductor because the surface area of the solid conductor is more.

The charge flowing in a wire is carried by the electrons that orbit the atoms that make up the wire. Effect of freezing on conductivity of soils Reducing temperature reduces electrolytic activity, and hence conductivity. However, the "wetting" of material is critical in affecting conductivity, and slightly wet materials are much more conductive than dry materials.

For this reason, it is important to keep the current very low - copper wire is effectively a short. The B zone is generally much tighter less porosericher in clays both local and transported from Aand controls how much water gets to the C zone and underlying rock layers. The three factors that affect resistance are: Students will find it easier to measure at a prescribed length if they tape the wire to a metre rule with insulating tape and make connections with flying leads rather than crocodile clips.

A graph for this would be a bar chart not a line graph. For the purposes of this article, the additional impedance will be expressed as scalar quantities rather than their complex impedance. If the outermost shell or sub-shell with transition metals is less than half full then the atom is willing to let those electrons wander and the material is a conductor. This is true of a semiconductor like carbon and of glass and many electrolytes. You should be able to. Procedure a Connect up a series circuit of two cells, and the ammeter, with a 30 cm length of one of the wires closing a gap between two crocodile clips. This suggests that the resistance of a wire is inversely proportional to the cross-section, a fact that was verified experimentally by Ohm.

It does not take much clay to change electrical properties of soils. I will show you on my next post some illustrative problem solving. What is the resistivity of copper at this temperature. Points-to-remember The Skin effect is negligible if the frequency is less than the 50Hz and the diameter of the conductor is less than the 1cm. Resistance increases with the temperature of the wire.

In either case, different wires should be made of the same material. The author dismissed this small increase in Re as insignificant, but I suggest that if it is not considered, along with the other factors I've noted previously, it can make a discernible difference in the optimum calculated enclosure volume.

These boost the "voltage", or speed, of the electrons, but cannot increase the power "Amperes" or volume at the same voltage, without input of an extra power source. Materials used for practical insulators glass, plastic etc.

An example would be to cool the wire with liquid nitrogen. The more tightly an atom holds on to its outermost electrons the harder it will be to make a current flow.

In the pendular zone, water exists in isolated rings around tight spots. The effect is equivalent to a reduction of the cross-section area of the conductor and, therefore the effective resistance of the conductor is increased.

Let us consider the conductor is made up of a number of concentric cylinders. If short lengths of wire are used with relatively high currents and voltages, then significant electrical heating may also occur.

Factors Affecting Electrical Resistance. The electrical resistance of a conductor is dependent on the following factors: Cross-sectional area of the conductor; Length of the conductor; Material of the conductor; Temperature of the conducting material; Electrical resistance is directly proportional to length (L) of the conductor and inversely.

Factors affecting Internal Resistance of a cell: i) Larger the separation between the electrodes of the cell, more the length of the electrolyte through which current has to.

Skin effect increases with the increase in frequency. At low frequency, such as 50Hz, there is a small increase in the current density near the surface of the conductor; but, at high frequencies, such as radio frequency, practically the whole of the currents flows on the surface of the conductor.

Resistance is the property of a component which restricts the flow of electric current. In this page, we are going to discuss about the factors affecting resistance. The resistance of a conductor is affected by the following factors. Feb 26,  · Factors That Affect the Strength of an Intro to Electrical Resistance, Resistors, Factors On Which The Resistance Of A Conductor Depends - Duration: 7activestudio 27, Determine the electrical resistance for each of the readings.

Determine how length, cross-sectional area, and type of material affect the resistance of a metal rod. Sensors and Equipment. This experiment features the following Vernier sensors and equipment.

Factors affecting electrical resistance
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Electrical Resistance & Resistivity - Factors Affecting Electrical Resistance | BYJU'S